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The difference between sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate

Sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate are two compounds often confused due to their similar names. The difference between sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate These things are among the chemicals that are widely used and have a high status. It has many applications and is commonly traded, as it is derived from all countries of the world through its production, contrary to the similarity in the name, however, this material does not correspond specifically to it, and there are many advantages that vary greatly.

What is Sodium Carbonate?

Sodium carbonate, having the chemical formula Na2CO3, is also referred to as soda ash or washing soda. It is a crystal heptahydrate that is white, odorless, and soluble in water. A basic salt, sodium carbonate finds widespread use in both domestic and industrial settings.

Sodium carbonate plays a major role in the manufacturing of glass, paper, and detergents in the industrial sector. It also serves to modify pH levels in water treatment procedures. Sodium carbonate is a common cleaning solution in the home, especially for grease and stain removal.

The Solvay process, which combines ammonia, carbon dioxide, and table salt sodium chloride, can be used to produce the chemical. Because of its alkaline qualities and capacity to react with acids, sodium carbonate is a versatile chemical with a wide range of uses.

What is Sodium Bicarbonate?

The chemical formula for sodium bicarbonate, or baking soda, is NaHCO3. It is a crystalline solid that resembles fine powder, unlike sodium carbonate. It is well-known for having many uses in both healthcare and households.

Sodium bicarbonate is a common household item that can be used as an antacid or to neutralize refrigerator odors. Its capacity to control the body’s pH levels also makes it useful in medicinal procedures.

In the kitchen, sodium bicarbonate acts as a leavening agent in baking, contributing to the rise of dough. Its multifunctional nature makes it a must-have in every home kitchen.

The difference between sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate

What is the difference between sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate has many natural uses. It works to determine blood acidity, unlike sodium bicarbonate, which does not have a positive effect.

For example, two compounds that have effectively different uses in everyday life have different relative benefits in everyday life. Sodium carbonate is particularly used in many industries such as glass and soap. It is also used as a cleaner in the graves in which it is kept. public toilet. Some also use it to purify water. On the other hand, sodium bicarbonate is used in many chemical processes. It is also used as a gelatin and is used in some foods due to its difference in acidity. Nutritional ingredient.

Sodium bicarbonate is one of the main ingredients known in the industry. It is an essential agent for cleaning and exfoliating surfaces. It is also used in many homes. It is also used in fire extinguishers and changes the smell.

Sodium bicarbonate flour is used in some baked goods, as it is prepared for fermentation and baking.

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Properties of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate

Most often, sodium bicarbonate is a bright white powder that is hard and dissolves easily, and is used in cleaning, while sodium carbonate is presented as a white powder for the manufacture of some materials, and is characterized by its alkalinity. And

Both components do not cause any harm when in contact with the skin, on the contrary, they can cause irritation of the conjunctiva of the eyes.

What are the common names by which this compound is known?

These two compounds have many different names. Sodium carbonate is called black powder and bicarbonate of acid salt. Sodium bicarbonate, which appears in food and is used in daily life, is also known as baking soda or bicarbonate of soda. In the preparation of various mixtures, it is also called the salt of acids. carbonic.

Benefits of these compounds

Sodium bicarbonate is widely used in a variety of everyday uses, and is a key aspect in many of its uses, whether in cooking or reducing odors. It is also used as a detergent and to extinguish fires if it is added to vehicles in a specific way.

Sodium carbonate is used in various glass industries, which has many different uses. It is used in chemical industries as well as in soap making.

Some countries manufacture these vehicles

  • It is important to mention the components of sodium carbonate found on Earth, especially since it can be manufactured from certain deposits of sodium bicarbonate around the world, as there are many dry deposits in the United States, Botswana, China, and others. And
  • Sodium carbonate can be made essentially by precipitation, where a solution known as sodium chloride is added and some ammonia is added to obtain sodium carbonate.
  • Sodium bicarbonate is a natural substance through which hot water is produced through a superheated metal model in which sodium bicarbonate is dissolved in water and centrifuged.

Preparation of sodium carbonate

There are two ways to manufacture some compounds:

First, the La Place method: which is attributed to the great scientist Nicolas La Blanc and is accomplished through two crucial steps: making a salt cake by boiling sodium chloride in a certain proportion of sulfuric acid, to form a solution called hydrogen chloride gas. Acquired. What is sodium sulfate called?

Secondly, the Salvai method: attributed to the venerable Ernest Salvai, and this method focuses on relying on the following:

  • Some of the substances, consisting of calcium carbonate, sodium chloride and ammonia, which was the main reason the process was called soda ammonia, can be concentrated in a technical drying process, eventually heating the limestone, producing carbon dioxide. .
  • The carbon dioxide gas is then passed through a concentrated solution containing sodium chloride and ammonia to obtain sodium bicarbonate.
  • Likewise, ammonia is also extracted from a solution of ammonia chloride, which is used with a calcium hydroxide compound, called quicklime and is produced from calcium oxide, called quicklime, by water.


In summary, while both sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate are alkaline compounds, they have different chemical compositions and applications. Sodium carbonate is stronger and finds use in industrial processes, while sodium bicarbonate is milder and is commonly used in cooking and household applications.



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